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o Forthcoming 2020. Zones of Connectivity, hot spots and cold spots. In: Handbook of Smart Cities, Springer (ed. Juan Carlos August) Lead author with multiple authors from the NGI Forward ecosystem, including Gaëlle Le Gars. Abstract: We tie the Smart Cities concept to the On-Life human-centred vision. The need to provide citizen-focused empowering visions of smart cities planning and development is very much needed, especially when a post-Covid environment requires urban growth 'resets' within stringent sustainability limits. Our selected case studies describe some of these current challenges. Two novel utopian visions of technology are proposed: urban ‘cold spots’ and ‘disposable identities’. The aim is to safeguard human digital rights in the digital smart urban sphere; our cherished freedom of expression, privacy, autonomy, and civic assembly. The chapter has three parts, the limits of smartness, the IoT, 5G and 6G technology developments of cyber physical systems, and the need to choose a suitable form of identity management. Authors bring together their intra-disciplinary approach.
o Forthcoming 2020. Why digital identity matters for blockchain disintermediation. In: Disintermediation Economics: Markets, Policies, and Blockchain, Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan - New York (eds. Dimitris Psarrakis and Eva Kaili). Co-author with Gaëlle Le Gars. Abstract: The Narrative of this book shows how blockchains are a disruptive element in the economics of disintermediation. This chapter argues that, yes, we can do smart contracts or more precisely blockchain-based DLTs. However, without accounting for the identity dimension of this problem there is little chance that these will work, and the innovation potential will not be realized. We address why identity technologies matter. We explain why the treaty safeguards important elements of this identity framework. We will explain what drives the recent push towards self-sovereign identities, as compared to other choices. Finally, we will argue that on the basis of EU legislation it is urgent to address the identity technology sphere in terms of the translation into the digital realm of fundamental rights and values. These include especially trust, accountability and autonomy.