Didier Kryn said on Mon, 13 Mar 2023 10:51:06 +0100
>Le 13/03/2023 à 03:47, Steve Litt a écrit :
>> swapoff -a
>> The preceding prevents swapping from changing any disk content...
>> umount -r -a -t nosysfs,noproc,nodevtmpfs,notmpfs
>> The preceding recursively unmounts all disk filesystems (as opposed
>> to /sys, /proc, etc.)
>> mount -o remount,ro /
>> The preceding remounts the root partition as read-only, so further
>> changes cannot be made to it, but its executables can still be used
>> to perform the final shutdown tasks. Note that if /usr is a separate
>> partition and there's no /sbin, those executables won't be available.
>> You'll need to do some fancy copying before the mass unmount. Oh,
>> The preceding confuses me a little because my first instinct would be
>> that sync wouldn't work on a read-only filesystem, because what sync
>> does is write cached disk writes to disk. A quick web search yielded
>> nothing on this subject. But perhaps sync *does* work on readonly
>> filesystems. If that's the case, leaving out the sync would leave
>> cached writes and perhaps would trigger a journal recovery on the
>> next reboot. So if you haven't yet, but a sync command after you've
>> unmounted all disk partitions and set the root partition read-only.
> Hi Steve.
> I'm pretty sure umount flushes the write buffers associated to
>given partition and, therefore, there is no need for sync before it.
Thanks Didier, I have more questions...
Does the umount -a unmount the root partition / ?
If so, why the -o remount ? If not, the root partition wasn't
Do you know whether sync can flush a readonly root partition?
>For what concerns 'mount -o remount,ro' , there is still the issue of
>file metadata being modified if you don't specify noatime. I would do
>'mount -o remount,ro,noatime'
I'll do that. I'll also make /etc/fstab specify noatime on all my
mounts. It's quite an oversight that I haven't done this already.
> I don't know for the f. acls. For my own systems, all partitions
>are always mounted with noacl; therefore I would also add it in the
I've never thought about acls. What's the benefit to using noacl on
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