|:: Re: [unSYSTEM] DarkFi: The Coming S…|
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|Uwe Cerron at|
|Amir Taaki at|
> Greetings comrades,
> Our team is happy today to share with this list the first news of our > project that has been under development for the last 4 years.
> # Introduction
> It's 2013. The director of the FBI gives a speech titled "The Going > Dark Problem". Solemnly he warns of an emerging crisis within law > enforcement. Since the Snowden disclosures, increasing public awareness > of surveillance has encouraged the wide ranging use of encryption > technologies - what he calls the tech tool of choice for criminals.
> > Unfortunately, the law hasn’t kept pace with technology, and this > disconnect has created a significant public safety problem. We call it > "Going Dark" > - James Comey, FBI director
> The speech highlighted a risk emerging online: mass popularization > of encryption threatens to create a permanent online zone that is > impenetrable to law enforcement. We maintain these dark zones remove > the barriers for a truly democratic society to realize itself. Recent > developments in DAOs and DeFi represent an exciting step towards this > future.
> Additional breakthroughs in cryptography such as zero-knowledge proofs > are awakening a new era of challenge and upheaval. This document gives > an overview of these advances and introduces our project: DarkFi.
> DarkFi is not a corporate startup. It's a democratic economic > experiment, an operating system for society.
> # Societycide & the Megamachine
> The situation has escalated since Comey first documented the "Going Dark > Problem" in 2013. The logic of state expansion together with infinite > money printing and industrialism have submerged society into a constant > state of war. Power and the state apparatus control, oppress and surveil > society while big tech wraps us in a digital prison.
> This state of war has been called a "societycide". Society is > increasingly deprived of its moral and political nature. People have > been transformed into the fascist's herd-like masses.
> Internet technology is centered around extracting profit from users > for low value work (clicking ads). This leads to huge data harvesting > operations and the construction of a surveillance mega-machine. This > encourages docility and consumption rather than active individuated > usership. It is an architecture of oppression structured on user > control.
> Newer and better artificial intelligences are constantly being honed > to wage war on the resistance and force the remaining people into giant > megacities. With the arrival of Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC) > and universal basic income (UBI), centralized power is rapidly seeking > to close off all competing economic arenas. The corporate state seeks > to monopolize economic life. China's social credit scoring has been an > instructive experiment that Western states seek to emulate.
> What remains in this impoverished world is a new sinister form of > fascism and a dead society that has lost its moral and political > fabric. > Such a dead society is unable to self-organize or act with initiative. > The mega-machine constantly searches for innovative methods to extract > oil from the ground, fish from the oceans and lifeblood from society, > even as these resources are depleted to crisis levels.
> For 20 years we worked on free software. It was a movement with > incredible vitality and creativity, exploring ideas long before > proprietary industry would dare touch them. But being a full time free > software developer was a tough situation. We created tremendous value > but were mostly without resources. We did not have a way to capture > back > some of the value we were creating. Being unable to capture value meant > our expansion was limited and continually resource constrained. So > these > brilliant concepts that were pioneered could never be realized and > society lost the full benefits of a free technology that could have > been.
> The free software movement possessed world class developers with a > community of strong believers. But the movement simply lacked resources > due to there being no economic model.
> # Tokenization
> Through the power of tokenization, we now have an alternative. > Programmable money enables a rich set of techniques to > develop economic networks.
> Token engineering and DAOs are shattering the basic structure of the > old world. The old world is corporate, hierarchical, and rigid. This > new world is rich, intense and creative.
> In the classical corporate model, you have a consumer-producer > dichotomy. This distinction does not exist in crypto. The focus is on > community and squad wealth. Rather than a company exploiting users for > profit and protecting their property, the owners and producers are the > community themselves.
> The value of a project is directly proportional to its community. Tokens > capture the value generated by a community and circle that value back to > the community itself. The ability of projects to foster participation, > enthusiasm and engagement is therefore crucial. Communities foster > autonomy through discourse, negotiation and narrative. This in turn > leads to democratic transformations of the individual, fashioning them > for the values of self-governance and self-development.
> Nowhere is this social evolution more apparent than in DAOs. DAOs are a > new governance primitive that enable latent democratic forces to > assemble and organize themselves before power and capital forces can > narrow them ideologically. This enables the exploration of unrealized > liberation zones. The users are stakeholders that can participate > directly in governance decisions. They can decide on development > targets, features, salaries, capital allocation and investments.
> The ideal of politics is to multiply public spaces. Crypto is therefore > deeply political. Politics concerns taking decisions regarding the > collective interests of society such as well-being, security and > freedom. In this sense politics and direct democracy are synonymous.
> The old model of technology is anti-political because it removes > ownership from people and places it into the hands of monopoly. The old > model encourages passivity and indifference by design, reducing people > to consumers. This is essentially the orientation of modern technology. > Its arc extends back 5000 years to the origin of civilization itself.
> The Wikipedia entry for civilization reads:
> > Civilization concentrates power, extending human control over > the rest > of nature, including over other human beings.
> History has swung back and forth in the struggle between democratic > society and the state civilization system. At times this has broken > out into open conflict, while in other times has led to an uneasy > peace. Conflict between civilizational forms has accelerated in the > modern era. Society is under siege by automated weaponry, surveillance > apparatus and psychological operations which seek to undermine the moral > and political freedom of people.
> # Autonomous Political Formations
> Totalitarianism cannot be defeated through compliance. Compliance > only emboldens regimes of power. Totalitarian terror is let loose when > opposition has died down and the rulers are no longer afraid. Compliance > feeds totalitarians and never leads to normality. Resistance is > essential to counter the rise of totalitarian rule.
> Parallel societies offer pockets of freedom that nurture ideologies of > resistance and form the basis of a new society. They can be societies > oriented around technology, economy, education or culture.
> With DAOs and DeFi we can bring to life the democratic nation where > multiple cultures, ethnicities and political formations coexist with a > confederalist structure.
> DAOs + DeFi = Autonomous Political Formations
> With APFs multiple parallel nations can exist online free from external > coercion. These nations are owned by their community. Decisions flow > from the bottom.
> # Multi-Chain
> There is a story of money that goes like this: it's the dawn of > history. People are trading their surplus goods. You have an apple. She > has an orange. Trade necessitates a medium of exchange. Money emerges.
> We've all heard this story. Except that it's a myth. This never occurred > in history.
> In Ancient Mesopotamia there were sophisticated banking networks long > before money existed. These networks offered all the modern operations > associated with a bank, such as loan operations, deposits, forex, and > debt settlement. Babylon, the cradle of human civilization, was home > to the flourishing banking center of the region and an active futures > market. Money emerged out of this system of credit networks. Deposit > slips and futures contracts were traded in the form of clay tokens that > could be broken. It was only much later with the emergence of the > Persian empire that the gold and silver bimetallic money was > standardized.
> The lesson history teaches us is this: economic networks are primary. > It is the transfer of value within networks that gives money its > meaning, not money itself. Money inherits different properties from the > financial networks they exist within.
> In 2010, the concept of universal sound money was central to Bitcoin's > emergence. As crypto has grown, we have seen the emergence of other > asset classes. First, we saw the rise of blockchains with their own > unique features such as Monero. Ethereum was the first to generalize > this architecture, which was followed by the growth of ERC20 and the > initial ICO boom. But the nature of crypto has changed fundamentally. > DeFi has ushered in a new, ecosystem-based thinking that sees not > just a > single coin in isolation but examines networks in a holistic way.
> Previously we use to think about crypto-coins and their blockchain. This > is Bitcoin, this is Monero, this is Ethereum. The way people reasoned > about crypto was as self-sovereign atomic entities. But DeFi is enabling > a new kind of reasoning. We think in terms of ecosystems and endpoints, > networks and liquidity flows.
> With DeFi we are seeing the sophistication of crypto and the emergence > of a parallel financial system. Blockchain-specific coins are being > de-emphasized in favour of instruments and networks. Financial > engineering allows these networks to interact, to lower volatility and > transfer assets seamlessly. This is the emergence of a proto-banking > layer for crypto. With it, crypto has gained a radical advantage. > Banking is more powerful and more fundamental than money.
> Currently 1% of all Bitcoin exists inside Ethereum and this number is > rapidly growing. We expect this trend to further continue.
> # Zero-knowledge
> Crypto anarchy is the tactic of using cryptography to create a space of > freedom which cannot be penetrated by power and capital monopolies with > coercive force.
> This space of freedom is the nascent seed of a democratic society. These > social structures are resistant to state control and totalitarian power > from the start. They are programmed with the code of resistance. They > are spaces which counter social atomization and promote voluntary > communal bonds by those who cherish freedom.
> They are dark spaces used by an alliance of democratic forces.
> Zero-knowledge (ZK) is a powerful technology, one that if used > effectively opens vast frontiers of freedom.
> ZK allows us to create anonymous smart contracts. Anyone can write > an anonymous program which is called a proof. Even though the data on > the blockchain is encrypted, the proof makes a statement about what is > happening with that data. It cannot be cheated and is completely secure.
> It opens up an entirely new design space of anonymous applications that > previously we could not create. The technology is mature, waiting to be > taken up and applied.
> Now you might be thinking there is a performance penalty for ZK, but > actually ZK is fast. It is faster to verify a ZK proof than it is to > compute the actual non-ZK function itself. And no matter how big is the > data, the proof is always a constant size.
> For example, we can compress an entire blockchain into a ZK proof. > Rather than downloading 300 Gb of data on initial sync with the > network, > you can instead download a 22 Kb proof that the current state has been > correctly computed from genesis. There are already projects offering > this. This property of ZK is called succinctness.
> Here is a simple program:
> def foo(s, x, y): > if s: > return x * y > else: > return x + y
> Lets say Alice calculates z = foo(True, 4, 110). To prove z is > calculated correctly, Alice gives Bob the values of z, s, x, y and then > Bob runs the function to see he gets the same result as Alice. That's > not anonymous, as Bob can see the values that are input to the > function. > Instead Alice can use a ZK proof to show she computed the function > correctly without revealing the input values.
> Using this technique, we can create completely dark financial markets: > a global decentralized economic network operating fully anonymously.
> ZK is a powerful design space opening up for developers. It is also a > new computational architecture different to the Von Neumann model that > we are all familiar with. Certain types of operations are more > favourable compared to others which takes some getting used to. > There is > a lot of scope and exploration here for advancing the tooling around ZK > such as compilers which are still very primitive.
> This is the first step toward a new economic model for technology that > is not based off the exploitation of users.
> # DarkFi
> DarkFi is a base layer for anonymous applications and smart contracts > that is multi-chain interoperable.
> Find the code here:
> DarkFi is an environment with a language for writing zero-knowledge > smart contracts. The research is still nascent but we already have our > testnet operational.
> ZK unlocks an entirely unexplored design space of anonymous > applications. Previously if you wanted to create an anonymous > application you had to think how to combine several existing > cryptographic schemes. Maybe it would be slow or impossible. But with > ZK, we have a generic cryptographic schema that any programmer can use > to create anonymous applications.
> We can create anonymous services. Users can interact with DAOs and > markets where they use credentials. You attach a proof which says > that a > statement is correct. Nothing else about your identity is leaked. > Services are operated in this manner.
> Here is an example of a smart contract minting a credential:
> https://github.com/darkrenaissance/darkfi/blob/halo2-burn/proof/mint.zk > <https://github.com/darkrenaissance/darkfi/blob/halo2-burn/proof/mint.zk>
> We have a chat server on Matrix at: element.dark.fi > <http://element.dark.fi>
> We already have a testnet bridged with Bitcoin and Solana networks. We > plan to add support for Ethereum and Monero soon. You can run the > application and send payments.
> Our initial focus will be simple anonymous swaps and a DAO for > governance. We plan to focus on building out organizational tooling and > rapidly expand our ecosystem. Join us on this world-building adventure.
> We are seeking political developers and offer competitive salaries. This > is an opportunity to help build an ecosystem and there will be many more > projects being launched and funded on DarkFi.
> Every Monday 16:00 CET in #dev on our server, we have an open developer > meeting over text.
> We are more than tool creators. We build applications and help support > teams building them. We welcome everyone on our exodus to the promised > land of opportunity.
> # Let there be dark
> > Beneath this mask there is more than flesh. Beneath this mask is an > > idea. And ideas are bulletproof. > > - V
> Everybody feels that there will big a huge macro political or economic > event in the next 5 years. Everybody is deeply discontented with the > power and capital monopolies ruling over us.
> What is the next system to come along? Here is the answer:
> We should not be thinking about systems. Human beings are not > objects in > a mathematical apparatus. That is the thinking that got us in this > position.
> What thinking do we need?
> What is happening around you? What are people doing? What are the > problems they face? What is truth, beauty and goodness? How can we > empower that face of humanity and nature that we wish to grow?
> Luckily we have been gifted agorist counter-economics, not just as a > philosophy but as a powerful agent of change. Wield that power, make > things happen.
> The regulators are coming for us. They see us as children with boots > too big for our feet. We need to be put back in our place. They do this > from outside and within. Those crazy anarchists amongst us get shushed, > given freakish looks, shunned and told off for stirring the pot. Who > are these people and where did they come from? Certainly in their clean > corporate cages they would never have risked betting on Bitcoin in > 2010. Yet here they are attaching themselves to success, making sure > things are done right.
> The narrative right now is about trivial first world concerns: GameFi, > ArtFi, SocialMediaFi - the entertainment and celebrity biz.
> But one need only look at what power and capital monopolies seek to > prevent to understand what is key to liberating the democratic nation.
> They are going to regulate crypto which allows any person to send > crypto to any person anywhere on the planet. Or to establish private > organizations that are self-governed. This destroys all proprietary > models of the power and capital monopolies.
> Crypto will split into two. RegFi will be unusable and bolted down. It > will be toothless. The other side will be the underground DarkFi. It > will have bite.
> DarkFi is not a project or a company. We are a community and a movement.
> Counter-economics gives us tools to architect systems that empower > free communities.
> Crypto-anarchy is the tactic of using cryptography for > counter-economics.
> Privacy technologies are emerging stronger than ever and are completely > unstoppable.
> Combine all this together and we get: DarkFi.
> The darkness is here and will sweep over our digital world. It cannot > be stopped, since the benefits it brings are too great. All the latent > potentialities of humanity that are being pushed down will be allowed to > rise up to the top. This is a great power that must be used > respectfully.
> Remember every technological revolution in history had naysayers who > wanted to put the genie back in Pandora's box. But they were dragged > kicking and screaming into the future against their will.
> There are no judgments or edicts being made here. Just statements > of reality.
> Take it or leave it, this is what will happen. Welcome to the agorist > future.
> Let there be dark. > _______________________________________________ > unSYSTEM mailing list: http://unsystem.net <http://unsystem.net> > https://mailinglists.dyne.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/unsystem > <https://mailinglists.dyne.org/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/unsystem>